AHA BHA PHA
AHAs (Alpha Hydroxy Acids), BHAs (Beta Hydroxy Acids), and PHAs (Polyhydroxy Acids) are types of exfoliating acids used in skincare. AHAs, such as glycolic acid and lactic acid, are primarily used to exfoliate the top layer of skin, removing dead cells and promoting cell turnover. They can help improve skin texture, reduce the appearance of fine lines and dark spots, and boost collagen production.
BHAs, such as salicylic acid, have similar exfoliating properties, but they are fat-soluble, which means they can penetrate deeper into pores. This makes them particularly effective in treating acne and problems related to excess sebum. BHAs can help unclog pores, reduce blackheads and prevent breakouts.
PHAs are a milder form of exfoliating acids. They have larger molecules that act more slowly and on the surface of the skin, which makes them suitable for sensitive skin. PHAs have exfoliating and moisturizing properties, helping to slough off dead cells and improve skin texture while maintaining balanced hydration.
It is important to note that the use of exfoliating acids requires some caution and sun protection, as they can make the skin more sensitive to the sun. It is recommended to start with a lower concentration and gradually incorporate them into your skin care routine to avoid irritation. Always consult a skincare professional to determine which type of acid peel is best for your skin type and specific concerns.