AHA, BHA, PHA: Understanding and Using Acids for Flawless Skin
Today, we are going to introduce you to the three most famous acids in the world of skin care: AHA, BHA and PHA.
What are AHAs, BHAs and PHAs?
AHAs (Alpha Hydroxy Acids), BHAs (Beta Hydroxy Acids), and PHAs (Polyhydroxy Acids) are types of acids used in skincare products to gently exfoliate, unclog pores, and promote even skin tone. brighter and more uniform.
AHAs, such as glycolic acid and lactic acid, are water soluble and work on the surface of the skin to help slough off dead skin cells.
BHAs, like salicylic acid, are oil-soluble, allowing them to penetrate deeper into pores to remove excess oil and impurities.
PHA, such as gluconolactone, are the mildest of the three. They offer effects similar to AHAs, but with minimal irritation, making them ideal for sensitive skin.
Use and Tips
The use of these acids mainly depends on your specific skin type and concerns.
For normal to dry skin, AHAs can be a great option. They help hydrate the skin while promoting cell turnover for smoother, more radiant skin. However, they can increase your skin's sensitivity to the sun, so it's crucial to apply sunscreen during the day
For oily, acne-prone skin, BHAs may be more beneficial. By removing excess oil and unclogging pores, they help reduce breakouts and prevent new pimples from appearing.
For sensitive skin, PHAs are a perfect choice. They provide gentle exfoliation without causing irritation.
It is recommended to start with a low concentration and then gradually increase according to your skin's tolerance. It is also advisable to perform a patch test before incorporating a new acid into your routine.
Short, Medium and Long Term Effects
In the short term you may see smoother skin, less visible pores and a reduction in the appearance of blackheads and pimples.
In medium term, AHAs, BHAs and PHAs will exfoliate the skin.
Indeed, these acids will remove dead cells, resulting in a smoother complexion, improved texture and a reduced appearance of fine lines and wrinkles.
Similarly, acids can help fade hyperpigmentation, dark spots, and acne scars over time, resulting in a more even skin tone.
Finally, the acids will reduce acne and breakouts.
In the long term, the body will produce collagen which will help maintain the elasticity and firmness of the skin.
These acids can contribute to a smoother, plumper appearance and can help reduce the signs of aging.
Similarly, PHAs can improve skin hydration leading to a healthier and more resilient complexion.
Thus the use of AHAs, BHAs and PHAs is important in skin care as they promote exfoliation, skin renewal and collagen production resulting in smoother and smoother skin. younger looking.
In addition, they help solve various skin problems such as hyperpigmentation, acne and uneven skin tone, leading to a brighter and more even complexion.